The probiotics are part of the so-called ‘Functional Foods’. That is, foods whose components optimize people’s health, beyond their nutritional contribution, either naturally or processed. For all these reasons, it is appropriate to include this type of food in our feeding.
As explained by ‘Clínica Alemana’, probiotic foods are highly recommended for intake due to the different benefits they provide to the body.
In this sense, the doctor and immunologist Ana María Agar, belonging to the German Clinic ‘explains that “probiotics are live microorganisms that, after ingesting a certain amount, exert health benefits beyond basic natural nutrition” .
Among the most striking benefits that probiotic foods generate in the human body, we find the following:
- They strengthen the immune system.
- They stimulate the production and increase of vitamins in the body.
- They are a support for digestion.
- They balance the intestinal flora.
- Contribution in diarrhea, lactose intolerance, allergies and traveler’s diarrhea, caused by eating contaminated food.
Functions of probiotics in the body
It must be taken into account that the space of action of probiotic foods is located in the intestinal flora of the organism. In this sense, probiotics must be kept alive during their passage through the small intestine and colon, in order to intervene correctly in the microbial balance of the digestive system.
“They must also have the ability to develop in them as a natural member of this true ecosystem, for which it is necessary that they achieve good adherence to the intestinal epithelium and do not have pathogenic characteristics”, explains the immunologist, Ana María Agar.
Thus, for these conditions to be carried out, food or products containing probiotics must follow a series of guidelines during the manufacturing and storage process to maintain their activity and viability.
With all this, food performs important functions in the body, which are derived from different health benefits. Among them we find:
- They favor the absorption of calcium, iron and magnesium.
- They displace microorganisms that are harmful to health and prevent their proliferation in the body.
- They participate in the formation of essential micronutrients.
- They reduce atopic dermatitis in allergic infants.
- They help reduce diarrhea caused by antibiotics, which alter the balance of the intestinal flora, which is restored thanks to these microorganisms.
- They stimulate the production of lactic acid and decrease the PH of the Digestive Tube.
Taking into account the functions of probiotics in the body, when consumed in sufficient quantities and permanently, this type of food could generate a series of important health benefits:
- They reduce lactose intolerance.
- They help maintain the integrity of the intestinal mucosa.
- They increase resistance to infections by potentially pathogenic organisms in the intestine.
- They decrease the duration of diarrhea.
- They regulate intestinal motility.
- Increases nutritional value.