The intestinal flora, also known as gut microbiota, is an important element for the state of Health of our organism. In fact, it plays a fundamental role in protecting the digestive system from any type of disease and promoting the well-being of our body.
In this sense, prebiotic foods are very important, which are those that nourish the flora of beneficial bacteria, defending our body from suffering from any disease.
The intestinal flora is the set of bacteria that live in our intestines, where more than 1,000 different species coexist in harmony. Its main function is to act as a barrier against the invasion of harmful germs, preventing digestive infections.
In addition, the pathogenic bacteria that may be in our body thanks to the intestinal microbiota help to keep the immune system on alert, stimulating the constant production of defenses.
The bacterial flora is also very relevant for our body, since it is found in any part of your body that has contact with the outside. This is in the intestine, the mammary glands, the bladder and the skin.
For these reasons, we must always try to take care of it as it strengthens our immune system and improves our well-being.
Benefits of having a healthy intestinal flora for our body
That is why the experts emphasize that keeping the intestinal microbiota in good condition is a way to promote the health of our body. And it is that the intestinal flora has a series of benefits that it brings to our body that we are going to see below:
- Improves digestion. The microorganisms that form the intestinal flora have the function of stimulating the peristaltic movements of the intestine. In this way, good digestion is favored, helping to prevent gas and constipation.
- Protects the liver. The intestinal flora is one of the great allies of the liver. This is because it neutralizes certain harmful substances, helping to prevent colon cancer.
- Contributes to the absorption of calcium. The microorganisms that make up the gut microbiota produce lactic acid, also known as lactate. This substance plays important roles in several biochemical processes, among which is the absorption of calcium.
- Promotes lactose tolerance. As we have indicated previously, the intestinal flora produces lactic acid or lactate, and this serves to degrade the part of lactose ingested through food and favors said tolerance. In this way, the deficiency of the lactase enzyme is supplemented.
- Its beneficial relationship with the brain. The experts of the John Hopkins University located in Baltimore, Maryland (United States) assure that the intestinal flora influences in the digestion, the mood and the way of thinking of each person. All this because the intestine is connected to the brain.